Artificial dwelling mound

ill_radiairwierde_groot
Artificial dwelling mound in the northern Netherlands. These mounds are called terpen in Friesland (Frisia) and wierden in Groningen. They were built to keep people and cattle dry during the frequent floodings of the coastal area in the northern Netherlands, and the northern region of Germany (Ostfriesland). There are many types of these dwelling mounds, but the canonical types are circular (radiair), and rectangular. The circular road, or Ossengang (Ox Road) was used as a route to bring the cattle from the field to the stables. In the first centuries CE the people lived in long houses with their lifestock.
illustratie_rechthoekigewierde
Artifical dwelling mound. Rectangular type. This image represents a later stage. During the Middle Ages the germanic places of worship were replaced by christian churches. Often a church was built on a location that was already a place of worship. These villages have survived relatively unaltered and can still be visited today.